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Video từ vựng Từ vựng IELTS– Unit 14: Urbanisation

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Video từ vựng Từ vựng IELTS– Unit 14: Urbanisation

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Big city life

2.1    Complete the text with suitable adjectives from the box. More than one adjective may be possible.

adequate   basic    booming   catastrophic   decent        enormous   pressing   staggering

 

Megacities

The world’s population is 1 ……….., no more so than in its cities. Today, there are 21 megacities, each containing more than 10 million inhabitants, three-quarters of them in developing nations. 8y 2020, there are expected to be at least 27 megacities. Such a 2 ……….. rate of urbanisation brings its own problems, especially in developing nations, where the majority of the megacities will be found.

Employment and educational opportunities are the main attraction of urban centres. But hopes for a better life are often dashed as overpopulation puts an 3 ……….. strain on the infrastructure of the cities and their ability to provide 4 ………. necessities such as clean water and a place to live.

Many rural migrants fail to find 5 ……….. work, and therefore cannot afford 6 ……….housing. In some megacities up to 50 per cent of the residents live in slums. This problem is 7……….., with the United Nations predicting that half the world’s population will be living in cities by next year. If the infrastructure within those cities does not grow at the same rate the result will be 8…………… .

 

Đáp án:

  1. booming/ enormous/ staggering 
  2. staggering
  3. enormous
  4. basic
  5. adequate/ decent
  6. decent/ basic/ adequate
  7. pressing/ enormous/catastrophic 
  8. catastrophic

 

2.2   Find words in the text on page 73 that match these definitions.

1     People that live in a particular place ………..  .

2    Areas of the world that are poorer and have less advanced industries ………..   .

3   The process by which more people leave the countryside to live in the city ………..   .

4   The problem of having too many people ……….. .

5  The basic systems and services of a city ………….. .

6   Very poor and crowded areas of a city ………..  .

 

Đáp án:

  1. inhabitants
  2. developing nations
  3. urbanisation
  4. overpopulation
  5. infrastructure
  6. slums

 

2.3  WORD BUILDING Complete the table.

Noun

Verb

Adjective

competition

 

 

 

 

excluded

 

include

 

 

isolate

 

 

 

poor

responsibility

…………responsibility

 

 

 

tolerant

 

Đáp án:

Noun

Verb

Adjective

competition

compete

competitive

exclusion

exclude

excluded

inclusion

include

included

isolation

isolate

isolated

poverty

x

poor

responsibility

take/accept responsibility

responsible

tolerance

tolerate

tolerant

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"Sustainable urban development is the current global priority," says Charles

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